This book is the result of a workshop organized by the editors on April 5, 2018, during the 11th International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East (ICAANE) in Munich, Germany.
The workshop’s goal was to discuss the archaeological traces, or lack thereof, of the so-called transitional periods in the long history of Northern Mesopotamia, from the Bronze Age to the Islamic period. What emerges from the contributions, which differ in terms of chronology, spatial extent, and research subject – from single sites to long term investigation, from material culture to historical approaches –, goes beyond the traditional approach to the Dark Ages, emphasizing phenomena of resilience and evolution, rather than drastic and abrupt changes. From the expansion and contraction of settlement patterns to the spatial redefinition of urban spaces and the persistence of certain ceramic horizons through time, the authors put back the material evidence on the agenda of the archaeological research on the Dark Ages.
The book offers a unique view, although from different angles, of some of the in-between periods of Mesopotamian history: The Middle-Late Bronze transition, the so-called post-Assyrian period, the evolution of late antiquity material culture into the Islamic period. Thus, the authors aim at redefining the concept of transition in the light of new or revised data from fundamental projects in Syria, Iraq, and Iraqi Kurdistan.
Die hellenistische Befestigung von Seleukeia Gadara (Umm Qays) (2020)
Gebraucht - Sehr gut LeichteLagerspuren -The settlement hill of Umm Qays in an exposed location of NW-Jordan with a view of the Sea of Galilee was identified as the decapolis city of Gadara as early as 1806 and has been excavated since 1959. This 3rd volume after the Late Roman arch [OrA 21] and research 1987-2000 [OrA 28] features the architectural and archaeological evidence, the strategic and military significance and the constructive subtleties of the small Seleucid citadel. It is firmly dated [1st half 2nd century B.C.] and well preserved in the east and south, while important city quarters remained unfortified. Its BA and IA predecessor at Tall Zira'a is attested archaeologically, a Ptolemaic fortress only by written sources. In the early 1st century the fortress was taken twice by Hasmoneans, restored by Seleucids and Romans respectively, but eventually covered by up to 7 m of soil and debris. The high-quality ashlar masonry in opus isodomum and pseudoisodomum consisted of local limestone and was virtually jointlessly laid by means of anathyrosis and gypsum mortar. Towers and pedestral are solid, upright walls with a core of plain stonework. Gates and rectangular and pentagonal towers integrate both Seleucid and Ptolemaic characteristics.
Palestinian Traditional Pottery: A Contribution to Palestinian Culture
Elizabeth Burr, Jean-baptiste Humbert, Owen Rye and Hamed Salem (eds.)
Palestinian Traditional Pottery stands out, first and foremost, as a scholarly testimony to the disappeared and disappearing craft of traditional pottery making by Palestinian women and men potters. It offers a contribution that has been long awaited and is long overdue. The material it provides, both textual and pictorial, is based on field research completed in the 1970s by two very different, yet complementary, researchers and authors. For various reasons, this material lay dormant over four decades until it was retrieved and returned to the light of day.
The occasion for the creation of the volume was the death in 2017 in the U.S. of one of the authors, John Landgraf. Fortunately, the other author, Owen Rye in Australia, had most of the written material still in his possession, which was then digitized, arranged, and edited. The graphic material, especially the black and white - and beautiful color - photographs, taken by the two authors, was also gathered and cataloged for use in the book. The photographs of the women potters are particularly poignant, since they date to the final decade of their pottery making activity. Assembling and producing the book required months of painstaking collaborative work by the editors and the layout artist, with results that are worthy of their efforts.
This volume invites readers into the two distinct worlds of Palestinian women and men potters at work in the 1970s: the women in or outside their village homes, and the men in their mostly urban workshops. With Palestinian culture under siege, the scholarship presented here aims to record and preserve a key part of that culture. It stands out equally as a memorial volume for John Landgraf, who lived in Jerusalem from 1965 to 1980, dedicating himself to archaeology, ethnography, and social work.
Growing Up Human: The Evolution of Childhood
In Growing Up Human, Brenna Hassett explores how our evolutionary history has shaped a phenomenon every reader will have experienced - childhood.
Tracking deep into our evolutionary history, anthropological science has begun to unravel one particular feature that sets us apart from the many, many animals that came before us - our uniquely long childhoods. Growing Up Human looks at how we have diverged from our ancestral roots to stay 'forever young' - or at least what seems like forever - and how the evolution of childhood is a critical part of the human story.
Beginning with a look at the ways animals invest in their offspring, the book moves through the many steps of making a baby, from pair-bonding to hidden ovulation, points where our species has repeatedly stepped off the standard primate path. From the mystery of monogamy to the minefield of modern parenting advice, biological anthropologist Brenna Hassett reveals how differences between humans and our closest cousins lead to our messy mating systems, dangerous pregnancies, and difficult births, and what these tell us about the kind of babies we are trying to build.
Using observations of our closest primate relatives, the tiny relics of childhood that come to us from the archaeological record, and the bones and teeth of our ancestors, science has started to unravel the evolution of our childhood right down the fossil record. In our species investment doesn't stop at birth, and as Growing Up Human reveals, we can compare every aspect of our care and feeding, from the chemical composition of our milk to our fondness for formal education from ancient times onwards, in order to understand just what we evolved our weird and wonderful childhoods for.
Tell Ahmar on the Syrian Euphrates: From Chalcolithic Village to Assyrian Provincial Capital (2022)
Tell Ahmar – also known as Masuwari, TilBarsib and Kar-Shalmaneser in the first millennium BCE – was first inhabited in the sixth millennium, during the Ubaid period, and progressively developed to become a regional center and, in the eighth and seventh centuries, a provincial capital of the Assyrian empire. Remains from the third millennium (a temple and a funerary complex), the second millennium (an administrative complex and well-preserved houses) and the first millennium (an Assyrian palace and elite residences) are particularly impressive.
The book offers an archaeological and historical synthesis of the results obtained by the excavations of François Thureau-Dangin (1929–1931) and by the more recent excavations of the universities of Melbourne (1988–1999) and Liège (2000–2010). It presents a comprehensive and diachronic view of the evolution of the site, which, by its position on the Euphrates at an important crossroads of ancient communication routes, was at the heart of a game of cultural and political interference between Mesopotamia, the Mediterranean world and Asia Minor.
Essays on Biblical Historiography: From Jeroboam II to John Hyrcanus
This volume is a collection of articles and new essays by Israel Finkelstein that offers an outline for reconstructing the evolution of biblical historiography over 700 years, starting with Israel in the early eighth century BCE and ending with the days of the Hasmoneans in the late second century BCE. Special emphasis is given to North Israelite traditions which were committed to writing in the days of Jeroboam II; to the arrival of these traditions in Judah after the takeover of Israel by Assyria; to Judahite ideology of the seventh century BCE; and to the legitimacy needs of the Hasmoneans in the days of John Hyrcanus. The analysis is based on the most recent archaeological discoveries, biblical exegesis and ancient Near Eastern records.
Digging Up Jericho: Past, Present and Future (2020)
Rachael Thyrza Sparks, Bill Finlayson, Bart Wagemakers and Josef Mario Briffa (eds.)
Digging Up Jericho: Past Present and Future, arising from a conference exploring the heritage, archaeology and history of the Jericho Oasis, includes contributions by 21 internationally significant scholars. It will appeal to scholars and students in Near Eastern prehistory, Islamic archaeology, public archaeology, the history of archaeology, and cultural heritage management. Jericho has had a profile beyond academia, and the volume will also appeal to anyone interested in the archaeology and heritage of Jericho, biblical archaeology and, more broadly, Israel and Palestine.
This is the first volume to offer a holistic perspective on the research and public value of the site of Jericho – an iconic site with a long and impressive history stretching from the Epipalaeolithic to the present day. Once dubbed the ‘Oldest City in the World’, it has been the focus of intense archaeological activity and media interest in the 150 years since its discovery. From early investigations in the 19th century, through Kathleen Kenyon’s work at the site in the 1950s, to the recent Italian-Palestinian Expedition and Khirbat al-Mafjar Archaeological Project, Jericho and its surrounding landscape has always played a key role in our understanding of this fascinating region. Current efforts to get the site placed on the World Heritage List only enhance its appeal.
Covering all aspects of work at the site, from past to present and beyond, this volume offers a unique opportunity to re-evaluate and assess the legacy of this important site. In doing so, it helps to increase our understanding of the wider archaeology and history of the Southern Levant.
Middle Assyrian Seal Motifs from Tell Fekheriye (Syria) (2021)
Despite ongoing interest in Middle Assyrian glyptic art, the publications of Middle Assyrian seals and seal impressions from excavated sites in the Near East are very rare. The book is the first to offer a comprehensive study on the seal corpus from an archaeological site historically located in the western territory of the Middle Assyrian state.
The seal impressions and few original seals, which were found during the excavations in Tell Fekheriye (Syria), substantially add to our understanding of the iconographic repertory and the use of seals in the Middle Assyrian period. The corpus dates to the reigns of the Assyrian kings Shalmaneser I and Tukulti-Ninurta I in the 13th century B.C. It documents practices of governance and administration in the growing Middle Assyrian Empire, points to activities of high-ranking Assyrian officials and unfolds the pictorial reality of political and ideological intensions.
While finding detailed information on unpublished materials, their archaeological contexts and interpretations, the reader is also invited to follow a discourse on art, state and society for which the Middle Assyrian seal motifs from Tell Fekheriye provide an excellent case study.
Procesos constructivos y edificación con tierra durante la Prehistoria reciente en las tierras meridionales valencianas (2021)
María Pastor Quiles
Planteamiento Y Objetivos… 5
Bases Para El Estudio De La Edificacióndurante La Prehistoria Reciente:materiales, Técnicas Y Procesos Constructivos… 27
La Construcción Con Tierra Durante El Neolítico… 55
La Construcción Con Tierra Durante El Calcolítico… 69
La Construcción Con Tierra Durante La Edad Del Bronce… 107
La Construcción Con Tierra Durante El Bronce Finaly La Primera Edad Del Hierro… 173
From the Nile to the Tigris: African Individuals and Groups in Texts from the Neo-Assyrian Empire (2022)
Egypt and Mesopotamia, two cradles of civilization, repeatedly came into contact with each other in antiquity. Interaction between Africa and Mesopotamia was particularly close and frequent in the period when the Neo-Assyrian Empire controlled Egypt (dominated by rulers of Libyan descent) and confronted the kings of Kush (from present-day Sudan). This book seeks to identify Africans—namely, Egyptians, Kushites, and Libyans—in Neo-Assyrian texts from this period, discussing the presence of Africans in the Neo-Assyrian Empire at both individual/biographic and collective/demographic levels and exploring such concepts as ethnicity, multiculturalism, integration, and assimilation.
יבנה וצפונותיה: קובץ מחקרים (2022)
אלי הדד, ליאת נדב-זיו, יוחנן (ג'ון) זליגמן, דניאל וורגה, פבלו בצר, עמית שדמן, אורן טל ויותם טפר (עורכים)
רקע ארכיאולוגי היסטורי
יבנה הקדומה: סקירה ראשונה של ממצאי חפירות הענק למרגלות תל יבנה
ליאת נדב-זיו, אלי הדד, יוחנן (ג'ון) זליגמן, דניאל וורגה ופבלו בצר
הגיאומורפולוגיה והסדימנטולוגיה של סביבות תל יבנה, במישור החוף הדרומי של ישראל בהקשר להתיישבות הקדומה
ים-יבשה: על קשרי הגומלין וקווי הדמיון והשוני בין יבנה ליבנה-ים מהתקופה הפרסית לראשית התקופה הצלבנית
קרב החשמונאים ליד יאמניה (יבנה)
אתר חדש מהתקופה הכלקוליתית שהתגלה ביבנה
הבור ביבנה: גניזה (פאביסה) ממקדש פלישתי
רז קלטר, וולפגאנג צוויקל ועירית ציפר
כתובת חדשה על קליע מיאמניה (יבנה)
יוליה אוסטינובה, פבלו בצר ודניאל וורגה
"עצם קיומנו": תובנות ראשונות על כלכלה ותעשייה בימי הסנהדרין ביבנה, מבט ארכיאוזאולוגי
לי פרי-גל, פבלו בצר, דניאל וורגה
תעשיית הזכוכית ביבנה, רשמים ראונים מהחפירה בשטח L
יעל גורין-רוזן, פבלו בצר, דניאל וורגה, ואריאל שתיל
"ותהא ארוני נקובה לארץ" (ירושלמי, כתובות י"ב: ג, ג): בתי קברות מהתקופה הרומית ביבנה
אריולהיקואל, אלה נגורסקי, פבלו בצר ודניאל וורגה
להטות שכם: כלים עשויים מעצמות שכם של בעלי חיים שנמצאו בתל יבנה – שימוש ושחזור
ענבר קטלב, אריאל שתיל, נטליה סולודנקו, יותם אשר ולי פרי-גל
ממצא סלע חוף מהחפירה ביבנה מזרח: תוצאות ראשוניות
עמיר בר, אלי הדד, יותר אשר, חן אלימלך, עליזה ואן-זיידן, רויטל בוקמן ודב צביאלי
קוראים לזה "הנגאובר": מפעל הגיתות של יבנה הביזנטית
מור ויזל וחגית טורגה
ייצור המוני של קנקנים לתעשיית היין של יבנה: כבשני יוצרים, ערמות פסולת ומה שביניהם
יבנה ותעשיית היין של עזה ואשקלון
יוחנן (ג'ו) זליגמן, אלי הדד וליאת נדב-זיו
נתיבי מסחר במזרח הים התיכון בשלהי העת העתיקה
Spatial autocorrelation analysis and the social organisation of crop and herd management at Çatalhöyük
Ian Hodder, Amy Bogaard, Claudia Engel, Jessica Pearson, Jesse Wolfhagen
A lead figurine from Toprakhisar Höyük: magico-ritual objects in the Syro-Anatolian Middle Bronze Age
Murat Akar, Demet Kara
Regional exchange and exclusive elite rituals in Iron Age central Anatolia: dating, function and circulation of Alişar-IV ware
Lorenzo d’Alfonso, Elena Basso, Lorenzo Castellano, Alessio Mantovan, Paola Vertuani
A text of Shalmaneser I from Üçtepe and the location of Šinamu
Bülent Genç, John MacGinnis
Regional Lydian pottery at Daskyleion: testing stylistic classification by chemical analysis
R. Gül Gürtekin-Demir, Hans Mommsen, Michael Kerschner
The display of wealth, status and power: two recently discovered mid-fourth-century BC pebble-mosaic floors from Sinope
Hazar Kaba, Eray Aksoy
Hekate of Lagina: a goddess performing her civic duty
Where to put them? Burial location in middle Hellenistic to late Roman Sagalassos, southwest Anatolia
Sam Cleymans, Bas Beaujean
A Lord’s Prayer inscription from Amorium and the materiality of early Byzantine Christian prayer
Geometric interlace: a study of the rise, fall and meaning of stereotomic strapwork in the architecture of Rum Seljuq Anatolia
Richard Piran McClary
Biblical Archaeology Review
Volume 48 (4)
Mesha’s Stele and the House of David
André Lemaire and Jean-Philippe Delorme
The Genesis of Judaism
Calculating Christmas: Hippolytus and December 25th
Enduring Impressions: The Stamped Jars of Judah
A Forgotten Pioneer: Granville Penn and the Victory of Vaticanus
Von Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte, Jan Krans, An-Ting Yi
"Ew. Hochwürden": Four Unpublished Letters of Andreas Pirch Concerning His Request for the Bentley Collation of Codex Vaticanus
Von An-Ting Yi
Pharaoh's Daughter in Literary-Historical Context
Von Nadav Na’aman
Wer hat die Söhne Zidkijas getötet? Altorientalische Königsideologie und die Schilderung der Hinrichtung von Rebellen (2 Kön 25,6-7; Jer 52,9-11)
Von Shuichi Hasegawa
Der göttliche Plan für den Tempel in der Chronik
Von André Bohnet
Kinder und Frauen in Est 8,11. Philologische und hermeneutische Erwägungen zu einer umstrittenen Opfergruppe
Von Vjatscheslav Dreier
Psalmodic Form and Wisdom Content: A New Literary Reading of the Song of Songs
Von Micha Roi
Das Claudius-Edikt und der Aufenthalt von Aquila und Priscilla in Korinth - eine neue Sicht auf ein Problem der Geschichte des Urchristentums
Von Thomas Witulski
Journal of Near Eastern Studies
Volume 81 (2)
The Cruciform Seal and Mursili II’s Immediate Predecessors
Dennis R. M. Campbell
Playing with Persecution: Parallel Jewish and Christian Memories of Late Antiquity in Early Islamic Iraq
The Bilingual Chiasmus: A Unique Rhetorical Device for “Knotting” Words in Sumerian-Akkadian Literature
The Otherworld (with)in This World: Imhet as a (Super)natural Conduit between Dimensions in Egyptian Sources
The Production of Salt in the Hittite Period and its Trade in Central and Northeastern Anatolia
Antonio Carnevale and Giulia Torri
“Towards the Mountain Range that Gave Birth to Me …”: A Reconstructed širgida Song of Ninurta from Old Babylonian Nippur (Ninurta J/L)
Books, Corruption, and an Emir’s Downfall: The Founding of the Maḥmūdīyah Library in Mamluk Cairo
The Virgin Annunciate in the Meccan Qurʾan: Q. Maryam 19:19 in Context
Sean W. Anthony
The Neo-Assyrian Empire in the Southwest, by Avraham Faust
Ariel M. Bagg
Ur in the Twenty-First Century CE. Proceedings of the 62nd Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale at Philadelphia, July 11–15, 2016, edited by Grant Frame, Joshua Jeffers, and Holly Pittman
Figurines in Hellenistic Babylonia: Miniaturization and Cultural Hybridity, by Stephanie Langin-Hooper
Lisa Ayla Çakmak
Présence et influence assyriennes dans le royaume de Hamat, by Adonice-Ackad Baaklin
Animal Offerings and Cultic Calendar in the Neo-Babylonian Sippar, by Radosław Tarasewicz and Stefan Zawadzki
Bergesgleich baute ich hoch: Untersuchungen zur Architektur, Funktion und Bedeutung neuassyrischer Befestigungsanlagen, by Alexander Sollee
The Clay World of Çatalhöyük, by Chris Doherty
Der Palast in Nuzi: Studien zur formalen Struktur des Palastgebäudes und den Funktionen der Palastinstitution, by Hannah Mönninghoff
Nairi Lands: The Identity of the Local Communities of Eastern Anatolia, South Caucasus and Periphery during The Late Bronze and Early Iron Age. A Reassessment of the Material Culture and the Socio-Economic Landscape, by Guido Guarducci
Geoffrey D. Summers
Painting the Mediterranean Phoenician: On Canaanite-Phoenician Trade-nets, by Dalit Regev
Yahweh before Israel: Glimpses of History in a Divine Name, by Daniel E. Fleming
Heath D. Dewrell
Handbook of Ancient Nubia, edited by Dietrich Raue
Türöffner des Himmels. Prosopographische Studien zur thebanischen Hohepriesterschaft der Ptolemäerzeit, by Ralph Birk
Die Sabäischen Inschriften aus Mārib: Katalog, Übersetzung und Kommentar, by Anne Multhoff
The Dawn of Everything: A New History of Humanity, by David Graeber and David Wengrow
Islam: An Advanced Introduction, by Roberto Tottoli
Conversion to Islam: Competing Themes in Early Islamic Historiography, by Ayman S. Ibrahim
A Physician on the Nile: A Description of Egypt and Journal of the Famine Years, by ʿAbd al-Laṭīf al-Baghdādī
Jo Van Steenbergen
The Life of Simeon of the Olives: An Entrepreneurial Saint of Early Islamic North Mesopotamia, by Robert G. Hoyland, Sebastian P. Brock, Kyle B. Brunner, and Jack Tannous
Palestine Exploration Quaterly
Volume 154 (3)
Bathing Jewish, Bathing Greek: Developing an Approach to De-Categorising Hellenism and Judaism
The cultural biography of two volute capitals at Iron Age Hazor
The Use of Greek in Palestine: Eupolemus as a Case Study
The Urban Renovation of Samaria–Sebaste of the 2nd and 3rd centuries ce: Observations on some architectural artefacts
On Olive Oil and Perfume Production in Iron Age IIA Tell es Safi/Gath, Israel
Why those who Shovel are Silent: A History of Local Archaeological Knowledge
by Allison Mickel, Louisville, University Press of Colorado, 2021, xiii + 218 pp., 20 figures, ISBN: 978-1-64642-126-8.
J. A. Baird
Zeitschrift des DeutschenPalästina-Vereins
Volume 138 (1)
Lights on the Iron Age Pottery from the 1963–1983 Excavations at Kāmid el-Lōz, Lebanon
Šūnī Quarry Excavations (Israel): The Iron Age I Remains
Samuel R. Wolff
Defending the Middle Ground. The Walls of Jerusalem in Iron Age I and IIA
Greg J. Wightman
Interpreting the Seventh Century B.C.E.: The Use and Misuse of Seventh Century B.C.E. Pottery in Judah
Floor Mosaics in the North-West Church at Hippos (Sussita)
Julia M. Burdajewicz
An Assemblage of Metal Artifacts on the Hill of Šeḫ Abrēk (Beth Sheʿarim), Its Landscape and Archaeological Context
Rafael Y. Lewis, Adi Erlich, and Rina S. Evyasaf
A Middle Bronze Age II Burial Cave at Beit Ṣafafa, Jerusalem
Nathan Ben-Ari and Alexander Wiegmann
Egyptian Scarab and South Anatolian Amulet
Laura A. Peri
Residue Analysis of Middle Bronze Age Vessels from the Burial Cave at Beit Ṣafafa, Jerusalem
Human Skeletal Remains from the Middle Bronze Age Burial Cave at Beit Ṣafafa, Jerusalem
Animal Bone Remains from the Middle Bronze Age Burial Cave at Beit Ṣafafa, Jerusalem
“Jerusalem Ivories”: Iron Age Decorated Ivory Panels from Building 100, Giv‘ati Parking Lot Excavations, and Their Cultural Setting