This book is the result of a workshop organized by the editors on April 5, 2018, during the 11th International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East (ICAANE) in Munich, Germany.
The workshop’s goal was to discuss the archaeological traces, or lack thereof, of the so-called transitional periods in the long history of Northern Mesopotamia, from the Bronze Age to the Islamic period. What emerges from the contributions, which differ in terms of chronology, spatial extent, and research subject – from single sites to long term investigation, from material culture to historical approaches –, goes beyond the traditional approach to the Dark Ages, emphasizing phenomena of resilience and evolution, rather than drastic and abrupt changes. From the expansion and contraction of settlement patterns to the spatial redefinition of urban spaces and the persistence of certain ceramic horizons through time, the authors put back the material evidence on the agenda of the archaeological research on the Dark Ages.
The book offers a unique view, although from different angles, of some of the in-between periods of Mesopotamian history: The Middle-Late Bronze transition, the so-called post-Assyrian period, the evolution of late antiquity material culture into the Islamic period. Thus, the authors aim at redefining the concept of transition in the light of new or revised data from fundamental projects in Syria, Iraq, and Iraqi Kurdistan.
Die hellenistische Befestigung von Seleukeia Gadara (Umm Qays) (2020)
Gebraucht - Sehr gut LeichteLagerspuren -The settlement hill of Umm Qays in an exposed location of NW-Jordan with a view of the Sea of Galilee was identified as the decapolis city of Gadara as early as 1806 and has been excavated since 1959. This 3rd volume after the Late Roman arch [OrA 21] and research 1987-2000 [OrA 28] features the architectural and archaeological evidence, the strategic and military significance and the constructive subtleties of the small Seleucid citadel. It is firmly dated [1st half 2nd century B.C.] and well preserved in the east and south, while important city quarters remained unfortified. Its BA and IA predecessor at Tall Zira'a is attested archaeologically, a Ptolemaic fortress only by written sources. In the early 1st century the fortress was taken twice by Hasmoneans, restored by Seleucids and Romans respectively, but eventually covered by up to 7 m of soil and debris. The high-quality ashlar masonry in opus isodomum and pseudoisodomum consisted of local limestone and was virtually jointlessly laid by means of anathyrosis and gypsum mortar. Towers and pedestral are solid, upright walls with a core of plain stonework. Gates and rectangular and pentagonal towers integrate both Seleucid and Ptolemaic characteristics.
Palestinian Traditional Pottery: A Contribution to Palestinian Culture
Elizabeth Burr, Jean-baptiste Humbert, Owen Rye and Hamed Salem (eds.)
Palestinian Traditional Pottery stands out, first and foremost, as a scholarly testimony to the disappeared and disappearing craft of traditional pottery making by Palestinian women and men potters. It offers a contribution that has been long awaited and is long overdue. The material it provides, both textual and pictorial, is based on field research completed in the 1970s by two very different, yet complementary, researchers and authors. For various reasons, this material lay dormant over four decades until it was retrieved and returned to the light of day.
The occasion for the creation of the volume was the death in 2017 in the U.S. of one of the authors, John Landgraf. Fortunately, the other author, Owen Rye in Australia, had most of the written material still in his possession, which was then digitized, arranged, and edited. The graphic material, especially the black and white - and beautiful color - photographs, taken by the two authors, was also gathered and cataloged for use in the book. The photographs of the women potters are particularly poignant, since they date to the final decade of their pottery making activity. Assembling and producing the book required months of painstaking collaborative work by the editors and the layout artist, with results that are worthy of their efforts.
This volume invites readers into the two distinct worlds of Palestinian women and men potters at work in the 1970s: the women in or outside their village homes, and the men in their mostly urban workshops. With Palestinian culture under siege, the scholarship presented here aims to record and preserve a key part of that culture. It stands out equally as a memorial volume for John Landgraf, who lived in Jerusalem from 1965 to 1980, dedicating himself to archaeology, ethnography, and social work.
Growing Up Human: The Evolution of Childhood
In Growing Up Human, Brenna Hassett explores how our evolutionary history has shaped a phenomenon every reader will have experienced - childhood.
Tracking deep into our evolutionary history, anthropological science has begun to unravel one particular feature that sets us apart from the many, many animals that came before us - our uniquely long childhoods. Growing Up Human looks at how we have diverged from our ancestral roots to stay 'forever young' - or at least what seems like forever - and how the evolution of childhood is a critical part of the human story.
Beginning with a look at the ways animals invest in their offspring, the book moves through the many steps of making a baby, from pair-bonding to hidden ovulation, points where our species has repeatedly stepped off the standard primate path. From the mystery of monogamy to the minefield of modern parenting advice, biological anthropologist Brenna Hassett reveals how differences between humans and our closest cousins lead to our messy mating systems, dangerous pregnancies, and difficult births, and what these tell us about the kind of babies we are trying to build.
Using observations of our closest primate relatives, the tiny relics of childhood that come to us from the archaeological record, and the bones and teeth of our ancestors, science has started to unravel the evolution of our childhood right down the fossil record. In our species investment doesn't stop at birth, and as Growing Up Human reveals, we can compare every aspect of our care and feeding, from the chemical composition of our milk to our fondness for formal education from ancient times onwards, in order to understand just what we evolved our weird and wonderful childhoods for.
Tell Ahmar on the Syrian Euphrates: From Chalcolithic Village to Assyrian Provincial Capital (2022)
Tell Ahmar – also known as Masuwari, TilBarsib and Kar-Shalmaneser in the first millennium BCE – was first inhabited in the sixth millennium, during the Ubaid period, and progressively developed to become a regional center and, in the eighth and seventh centuries, a provincial capital of the Assyrian empire. Remains from the third millennium (a temple and a funerary complex), the second millennium (an administrative complex and well-preserved houses) and the first millennium (an Assyrian palace and elite residences) are particularly impressive.
The book offers an archaeological and historical synthesis of the results obtained by the excavations of François Thureau-Dangin (1929–1931) and by the more recent excavations of the universities of Melbourne (1988–1999) and Liège (2000–2010). It presents a comprehensive and diachronic view of the evolution of the site, which, by its position on the Euphrates at an important crossroads of ancient communication routes, was at the heart of a game of cultural and political interference between Mesopotamia, the Mediterranean world and Asia Minor.
Essays on Biblical Historiography: From Jeroboam II to John Hyrcanus
This volume is a collection of articles and new essays by Israel Finkelstein that offers an outline for reconstructing the evolution of biblical historiography over 700 years, starting with Israel in the early eighth century BCE and ending with the days of the Hasmoneans in the late second century BCE. Special emphasis is given to North Israelite traditions which were committed to writing in the days of Jeroboam II; to the arrival of these traditions in Judah after the takeover of Israel by Assyria; to Judahite ideology of the seventh century BCE; and to the legitimacy needs of the Hasmoneans in the days of John Hyrcanus. The analysis is based on the most recent archaeological discoveries, biblical exegesis and ancient Near Eastern records.
Digging Up Jericho: Past, Present and Future (2020)
Rachael Thyrza Sparks, Bill Finlayson, Bart Wagemakers and Josef Mario Briffa (eds.)
Digging Up Jericho: Past Present and Future, arising from a conference exploring the heritage, archaeology and history of the Jericho Oasis, includes contributions by 21 internationally significant scholars. It will appeal to scholars and students in Near Eastern prehistory, Islamic archaeology, public archaeology, the history of archaeology, and cultural heritage management. Jericho has had a profile beyond academia, and the volume will also appeal to anyone interested in the archaeology and heritage of Jericho, biblical archaeology and, more broadly, Israel and Palestine.
This is the first volume to offer a holistic perspective on the research and public value of the site of Jericho – an iconic site with a long and impressive history stretching from the Epipalaeolithic to the present day. Once dubbed the ‘Oldest City in the World’, it has been the focus of intense archaeological activity and media interest in the 150 years since its discovery. From early investigations in the 19th century, through Kathleen Kenyon’s work at the site in the 1950s, to the recent Italian-Palestinian Expedition and Khirbat al-Mafjar Archaeological Project, Jericho and its surrounding landscape has always played a key role in our understanding of this fascinating region. Current efforts to get the site placed on the World Heritage List only enhance its appeal.
Covering all aspects of work at the site, from past to present and beyond, this volume offers a unique opportunity to re-evaluate and assess the legacy of this important site. In doing so, it helps to increase our understanding of the wider archaeology and history of the Southern Levant.
Middle Assyrian Seal Motifs from Tell Fekheriye (Syria) (2021)
Despite ongoing interest in Middle Assyrian glyptic art, the publications of Middle Assyrian seals and seal impressions from excavated sites in the Near East are very rare. The book is the first to offer a comprehensive study on the seal corpus from an archaeological site historically located in the western territory of the Middle Assyrian state.
The seal impressions and few original seals, which were found during the excavations in Tell Fekheriye (Syria), substantially add to our understanding of the iconographic repertory and the use of seals in the Middle Assyrian period. The corpus dates to the reigns of the Assyrian kings Shalmaneser I and Tukulti-Ninurta I in the 13th century B.C. It documents practices of governance and administration in the growing Middle Assyrian Empire, points to activities of high-ranking Assyrian officials and unfolds the pictorial reality of political and ideological intensions.
While finding detailed information on unpublished materials, their archaeological contexts and interpretations, the reader is also invited to follow a discourse on art, state and society for which the Middle Assyrian seal motifs from Tell Fekheriye provide an excellent case study.
Procesos constructivos y edificación con tierra durante la Prehistoria reciente en las tierras meridionales valencianas (2021)
María Pastor Quiles
Planteamiento Y Objetivos… 5
Bases Para El Estudio De La Edificacióndurante La Prehistoria Reciente:materiales, Técnicas Y Procesos Constructivos… 27
La Construcción Con Tierra Durante El Neolítico… 55
La Construcción Con Tierra Durante El Calcolítico… 69
La Construcción Con Tierra Durante La Edad Del Bronce… 107
La Construcción Con Tierra Durante El Bronce Finaly La Primera Edad Del Hierro… 173
From the Nile to the Tigris: African Individuals and Groups in Texts from the Neo-Assyrian Empire (2022)
Egypt and Mesopotamia, two cradles of civilization, repeatedly came into contact with each other in antiquity. Interaction between Africa and Mesopotamia was particularly close and frequent in the period when the Neo-Assyrian Empire controlled Egypt (dominated by rulers of Libyan descent) and confronted the kings of Kush (from present-day Sudan). This book seeks to identify Africans—namely, Egyptians, Kushites, and Libyans—in Neo-Assyrian texts from this period, discussing the presence of Africans in the Neo-Assyrian Empire at both individual/biographic and collective/demographic levels and exploring such concepts as ethnicity, multiculturalism, integration, and assimilation.
יבנה וצפונותיה: קובץ מחקרים (2022)
אלי הדד, ליאת נדב-זיו, יוחנן (ג'ון) זליגמן, דניאל וורגה, פבלו בצר, עמית שדמן, אורן טל ויותם טפר (עורכים)
רקע ארכיאולוגי היסטורי
יבנה הקדומה: סקירה ראשונה של ממצאי חפירות הענק למרגלות תל יבנה
ליאת נדב-זיו, אלי הדד, יוחנן (ג'ון) זליגמן, דניאל וורגה ופבלו בצר
הגיאומורפולוגיה והסדימנטולוגיה של סביבות תל יבנה, במישור החוף הדרומי של ישראל בהקשר להתיישבות הקדומה