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חדש על המדף

Les espaces funeraires Autour d'apamee de l'euphrate
Les espaces funeraires Autour d'apamee de l'euphrate
Catherine Abadie-Reynal (Dir)
2023

This collective publication brings together the work of researchers that contribute to highlighting the interest of conducting systematic archaeological research in the context of partly rock funerary spaces, occupied from the Hellenistic to the Islamic period, in the middle valley of the Euphrates. The site of Apamea on the Euphrates, now submerged under the waters of a dam lake, was explored from 1996 to 1999 by still unpublished salvage excavations conducted in the city itself, as well as in the funerary spaces around it. The latter are the subject of this work. Thirty-two tombs have been studied, sometimes partially, to which are added two tombs previously identified. Despite the difficulties inherent in this type of salvage excavations, the team approached these contexts with the desire to integrate all the data from the field by applying the most rigorous multidisciplinary methodology possible, very rarely used in Middle Eastern funerary contexts marked by numerous reoccupations that often discourage archaeologists.

Taking into account the data delivered by the architecture of the tombs, but also by all the material brought to light, however modest it may be, its spatial distribution and, in less disturbed contexts, stratigraphy, this approach makes it possible to propose new hypotheses. One can follow the evolution of the occupation of the territory on the eastern bank of the Middle Euphrates during the millennium when these funerary spaces were in use. New elements allow to propose a chronology for different types of rock cut tombs, until now very poorly dated for lack of excavation. These tombs also provided many new data on the typology of vases or lamps of regional production, still little known, but also about funerary practices and their evolution as well as on the links maintained by the populations of this bank of the river with local traditions, but also Anatolian, Greek and Western contributions.

Reseaux de pouvoir en haute-Egypte. Strategies sociales et territotiales des notables provinciaux sous le nouvel empire (1539-1077 AV.J.-C.)
Reseaux de pouvoir en haute-Egypte. Strategies sociales et territotiales des notables provinciaux sous le nouvel empire (1539-1077 AV.J.-C.)
Vincent Chollier
2023

How did the provincial elites of Upper Egypt in the New Kingdom manage to reach the highest spheres of the Pharaonic state? What were their strategies for staying and prospering there? What was their specific relationship to royal power? Based on a diachronic study spanning several centuries (1539-1077 BCE), this book offers some answers to these questions. Drawing on the anthropology of kinship and Social Network Analysis (SNA), the author puts historical and prosopographical data into perspective and highlights major changes in the relationships of provincial notables, both among themselves and with royal power. A comparison of the structure of the various reconstructed networks reveals major changes in the behaviour of these elites. Placing them in their historical, geographical and political contexts helps us to understand the reasons for the gradual loss of pharaonic influence over southern Egypt at the end of the New Kingdom. During the 18th dynasty, the provincial notables of Upper Egypt gathered around the royal power in a veritable court society, but this situation changed from the beginning of the Ramesside period, when these elites seemed to emancipate themselves and even compete with the pharaoh’s power over this geographical area. We are thus moving from a court society, in which the almighty pharaoh is represented by the granting of high state offices, to a society of networks, in which social reproduction and strategies, especially marriage strategies, are fully operational.

The Jeselsohn Collection of Coins of the Holy Land Vol. 1: Persian and Early Hellenistic Coinage
The Jeselsohn Collection of Coins of the Holy Land Vol. 1: Persian and Early Hellenistic Coinage
Haim Gitler
David Jeselsohn
Mati Johananoff
Oren Tal
2024

הכרך הנוכחי (והשני שמתפרסם בסדרת המטבעות) מציג באופן מדעי את אוסף מטבעות ארץ הקודש של דוד וימימה יסלזון. הכרך מוקדש למטבעות הראשונים שנטבעו בארץ-ישראל בתקופה הפרסית וההלניסטית הקדומה, למן אמצע המאה החמישית ועד אמצע המאה השלישית לפני הספירה.

הכרך כולל 1123 מטבעות כסף שנטבעו בפלשת, בשומרון וביהודה לצד מטבעות שייתכן ונטבעו באדום ובדור.
מבואות היסטוריים ונומיסמטיים מובאים בפרקי הספר השונים לצד קטלוג מקיף שכולל לעיתים מטבעות נדירים שחלקם טרם פורסמו באופן מדעי.

כרך זה הוא כלי חשוב ומאיר עיניים בשירותם של חוקרים וחובבים כאחד. הוא עוסק בממצאי תרבות חומרית שמעידים על מהפכה כלכלית, מוניטרית, בשימוש במטבעות בקרב אוכלוסיות הארץ השונות.

מזון למחשבה: היסטוריה, חברה ותרבות על הצלחת
מזון למחשבה: היסטוריה, חברה ותרבות על הצלחת
(עורכים) מאיה גייר ושמעון ריקלין
2023

מאז ומעולם היה אוכל מרכיב יסוד בחוויה האנושית. לצד היותו מצרך הישרדותי בסיסי, למזון שלנו תמיד הייתה חשיבות חברתית וכלכלית. עם זאת, בימינו הוא הפך לחוויה תרבותית מרובת רבדים, אשר זוכה לתשומת לב ומייצרת שיח חסר תקדים בהיקפו, עד כי נדמה שכעת בני אדם כבר פחות "אוכלים כדי לחיות" ויותר "חיים כדי לאכול".

ואולי ... – הפרטית והלאומית. בתקופה שבה האוכל נחקר יותר מאי פעם, גם השאלות מתרַ בּ וֹת. למשל: האם לשף שהמציא מתכון יש בעלות על המצאתו? איך משתקפת הגלובליזציה בספרי בישול? מה הופך מאכלים ל"נשיים" ואחרים ל"גבריים"? מדוע מבטאות תוכניות הריאליטי העוסקות בבישול את אידיאל הטלוויזיה המסחרית? וכיצד משפיע המזון שלנו על משבר האקלים?

שלל השאלות והנושאים הללו נידונים בפרקי הספר מזון למחשבה – היסטוריה, חברה ותרבות על הצלחת, שהם עיבודים לסדרת הרצאות שניתנו במסגרת תוכנית האוניברסיטה המשודרת.

Hieroglyphs, Pseudo-Scripts and Alphabets: Their Use and Reception in Ancient Egypt and Neighbouring Regions
Hieroglyphs, Pseudo-Scripts and Alphabets: Their Use and Reception in Ancient Egypt and Neighbouring Regions
Ben Haring
2023

The Egyptian hieroglyphic script was exceptionally versatile, as becomes clear when studying its multiple uses both within Ancient Egypt and beyond its borders. Even the few cases discussed in this Element demonstrate that in the ancient world hieroglyphs appealed to a wide readership, which ranged from highly accomplished scribes, artists and priests, to semi-literate workmen, as well as to speakers of non-Egyptian languages. Creative processes within these different groups resulted in very different adaptations of regular hieroglyphic writing: highly specialized enigmatic compositions, less informed ad hoc orthographies, isolated uses of hieroglyphs as marks and emblems, and the development of new writing systems. Important reasons for the wide appeal and deep impact of hieroglyphic writing are the iconicity and cultural messages of its individual signs on the one hand, and its remarkable semiotic strategies in rendering human language on the other.

Shiqmim II: The phase II excavations at a Chalcolithic settlement center in the northern Negev desert, Israel (1987 - 1993)
Shiqmim II: The phase II excavations at a Chalcolithic settlement center in the northern Negev desert, Israel (1987 - 1993)
Thomas E. Levy, Yorke M. Rowan and Margie M. Burton (eds.)
2023

The Chalcolithic period (ca. 4500–3600 BCE) in the southern Levant represents the rise of regional polities, the metallurgical revolution, and a set of other significant socio-economic changes that distinguish it from the preceding Pottery Neolithic period. Central to these issues are the Phase II (1987–1989, 1993) excavations at Shiqmim, a large Chalcolithic settlement centre in Israel’s northern Negev desert.

The first phase of excavations at Shiqmim took place between 1979 and 1984 and were described in Shiqmim I, Parts i and ii (BAR Publishing, 1987). Shiqmim II reports on the second phase of excavations at this complex site and contributes to a greater understanding of its Chalcolithic stratigraphy, architecture, and chronology. It includes the project research design and history framed in an anthropological archaeology perspective, primary excavation data, and a Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates from Shiqmim presented in comparison with dates from contemporary regional sites.

Hesi after 50 Years and 130 Years: Beginning a New Generation of Hesi Research
Hesi after 50 Years and 130 Years: Beginning a New Generation of Hesi Research
John R. Spencer, James W. Hardin, and Jeffrey Blakely (eds.)
2023

Tell el-Hesi is located near the modern city of Qiryat Gat in the Southern District of Israel, 23 kilometers from the Mediterranean Sea. The site, which covers 35–40 acres, includes both an acropolis and a lower city. Occupation of the site began as early as the Neolithic period, and the city grew significantly during the Early Bronze Age before being abandoned until the Late Bronze Age. The latest phase of occupation occurred during the Hellenistic period. The acropolis was in use for almost two thousand years.
This volume is the first in a new iteration of the Joint Archaeological Expedition to Tell el-Hesi series that builds on previously published volumes. It publishes a final report for part of one of Tell el-Hesi’s excavation fields; a reevaluation of the stratigraphic findings of the original 1891–1892 excavations on Tell el-Hesi, based on excavation work from the 1970s and 1980s; in-depth studies of groups of small finds from the tell; and zooarchaeological analyses that widen the investigative perspective to include the region around the tell.

Paying tribute to the long excavation history at Tell el-Hesi, the contributors to this volume employ state-of-the-art scientific methods that honor the careful work and findings of a century of excavations. Hesi After 50 Years and 130 Years will be an important reference for scholars researching the history and culture of southern Palestine.

Temples in Transformation: Iron Age Interactions and Continuity in Material Culture and in Textual Traditions
Temples in Transformation: Iron Age Interactions and Continuity in Material Culture and in Textual Traditions
Filip C̆apek
2023

The focus of this book is on temples in the Southern Levant during the Iron Age (ca. 1200-600 BC) and their transformations. In order to capture the long-term context, some significant sites with temples from the Late Bronze Age are also presented and discussed. The author traces both material culture related to the temples and the way in which the same themes are treated in Old Testament texts concentrated primarily on Israel and Judah. From the analysis of these texts, he deduces a threefold transformation of the form of memory in relation to the temples and the cult. The first concerns a contrastive reshaping (Philistia and other neighbouring political entities), the second an external (Israel) and the third an internal (Judah) silencing of the actual form of religious practice in the Iron Age.

Judah in the Biblical Period: Historical, Archaeological, and Biblical Studies, Selected Essays
Judah in the Biblical Period: Historical, Archaeological, and Biblical Studies, Selected Essays
Oded Lipschits
2024

The collection of essays in this book represents more than twenty years of research on the history and archeology of Judah, as well as the study of the Biblical literature written in and about the period that might be called the “Age of Empires”. This 600-year-long period, when Judah was a vassal Assyrian, Egyptian and Babylonian kingdom and then a province under the consecutive rule of the Babylonian, Persian, Ptolemaic and Seleucid empires, was the longest and the most influential in Judean history and historiography. The administration that was shaped and developed during this period, the rural economy, the settlement pattern and the place of Jerusalem as a small temple, surrounded by a small settlement of (mainly) priests, Levites and other temple servants, characterize Judah during most of its history.
This is the formative period when most of the Hebrew Bible was written and edited, when the main features of Judaism were shaped and when Judean cult and theology were created and developed.
The 36 papers contained in this book present a broad picture of the Hebrew Bible against the background of the Biblical history and the archeology of Judah throughout the six centuries of the “Age of Empires”.

Excavations at Quleh and Mazor (West): Burial Practices and Iconography in Southern Levantine Chalcolithic Cemeteries
Excavations at Quleh and Mazor (West): Burial Practices and Iconography in Southern Levantine Chalcolithic Cemeteries
Ianir Milevski, Ronit Lupu and Abat Cohen-Weinberger (eds.)
2023

This volume provides an overview of the excavations in two contiguous cemeteries of the Chalcolithic period, Quleh and Mazor (West), in the central coastal plain of Israel. The excavations were carried out as a salvage project on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority under the direction of Ianir Milevski, one of the editors of this volume. This volume presents in detail the excavated caves and the finds within them, including the pottery, ossuaries, lithic finds, human and faunal remains. The main issues in this volume relate to different analyses used for better understanding the site within its geographical landscape and chronological framework of the second half of the 5th millennium BC in the southern Levant. These analyses include the iconography, provenance and technological aspects of the ceramic vessels and clay ossuaries, and the distribution of the finds in the caves. In addition to being an excavation report, this volume includes synthesis studies of the distribution of settlements and cemeteries of the Chalcolithic Ghassulian Culture, and the relationships between both types of sites and the burial system of that period. These relationships are deciphered by means of petrography and viewshed analysis utilizing GIS systems. The volume emphasizes the anthropological and social aspects of the iconography of the Ghassulian Culture of the Chalcolithic period and a comprehensive view of the religious beliefs encompassed in these burial practices.

ארכיאולוגיה, אומה וגזע: התמודדות עם העבר ודה-קולוניזציה של העתיד בישראל וביוון
ארכיאולוגיה, אומה וגזע: התמודדות עם העבר ודה-קולוניזציה של העתיד בישראל וביוון
רפאל גרינברג ויאניס חמילקיס
2024

ישראל, כמו יוון, מקדשת את חורבותיה, ובעזרתן מעצבת "ארץ-ישראל" מדומיינת, מטוהרת מכל דבר שאינו יהודי. בשם הארכיאולוגיה הגדרנו את עתיקות ארץ הקודש – ובעיקר אלה מימי התנ"ך והבית השני – כמשאב בלעדי וכסיבת הסיבות לזכותנו בה, בעוד תושביה תוארו כפולשים בארץ לא-להם. מה, אם כן, נדרש כדי שנלמד לקבל את הריבוי הטמון בארץ הזו? האם נשכיל ליצור יצירה תרבותית מקורית ומקומית, שתשחזר את הסינתזות המופלאות של עברה הרחוק?


ארכיאולוגיה, אומה וגזע הוא דיאלוג נוקב, חי וסוחף בין שני ארכיאולוגים, המישירים מבט אל הגזענות והלאומנות שבבסיס הקיום המודרני בשתי מדינות שהארכיאולוגיה ממוקמת בלב הווייתן – ישראל ויוון. הם מציעים לכונן ארכיאולוגיה משחררת, המאששת את האמונה ביכולתם של אנשים וקהילות לפרש את עברם ולפעול לשינוי חייהם כך שהחורבות לא יהיו עוד עיקר תפארתה ובושתה של ארצם.

Rethinking Osiris: Proceedings of the International Conference, Florence, Italy 26-27 March 2019
Rethinking Osiris: Proceedings of the International Conference, Florence, Italy 26-27 March 2019
Massimiliano Franci, Salima Ikram, Irene Morfini (Eds.)
2021

The figure of the god Osiris is paradigmatic of the ancient Egyptian culture, connected with both kingship and religion, whose analysis also today shed light on interesting aspects of the Egyptian world. This volume collects contributions presented during the two days International Conference “Rethinking Osiris” took place in Florence, Italy, from the 26 to 27 March 2019. Any article reflects the variety and complexity of the Osiriac topics discussed during the conference, providing a foundation for deeper research and questions, introducing new perspectives from which to reconsider Osiris pivotal and multifaceted function, which attracted so much interest during the millennia and rethinking Osiris at the dawn of the Third Millennium.

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